The city of Trieste is located in northeastern Italy, bordering Slovenia, and is the capital of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Trieste province. Since it is situated at the head of the Gulf of Trieste, a shallow bay of the Adriatic Sea, it serves as an important seaport in the region.
Trieste's population is an ethnic mix of its neighbouring regions and countries: Venice, Austria and Slovenia. The dominant local Venetian dialect of Trieste is called Triestine (in Italian "Triestino"). This dialect and the official Italian language are spoken in the city centre while Slovene is spoken in several of the immediate suburbs. The Venetian and Slovene languages are considered autochthonous to the area. There are also a small number of German language speakers.
Science and scientific research has always played a key role in Trieste and has led, through the years, to the creation of several United Nations organizations dedicated to fostering science and scientific research. It is known as Italy's Town of Science and hosts each year many important scientific events.
Geographically,Trieste enjoys a unique and beautiful natural location as it is surrounded by the Carsic hills and the Adriatic Sea. The quality of life is high, and one's leisure time can be spent in tourism, culture and sports without the drawbacks that affect larger Italian cities such as heavy traffic jams, smog, and delinquency.